US Secretary of State Antony Blinken is calling on the military and the rival paramilitary RSF to “end this conflict now”.

The United States has determined that war crimes have been committed by warring factions in Sudan, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said, as Washington increases pressure on the Army (SAF) and paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) to end fighting that is a humanitarian crisis have caused.

The US also determined that the RSF and its allied militias had committed crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing, Blinken said in a statement on Wednesday.

“The expansion of the unnecessary conflict between the RSF and SAF has caused severe human suffering,” Blinken said.

He called on both sides “to end this conflict now, to comply with their obligations under international humanitarian law and human rights law, and to hold those responsible for the atrocities accountable.”

The RSF is accused of orchestrating an ethnic massacre in West Darfur, 20 years after the region was the site of a genocide campaign.

A Chadian cart owner transports belongings of Sudanese who have fled the conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region [File: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters]

In the capital Khartoum, residents have accused paramilitaries of raping, looting and detaining civilians.

According to experts, the army’s air and artillery attacks on residential areas where the RSF has bases could be considered violations of international law.

Residents, experts and aid groups have told Al Jazeera of growing fears that the next major battle in Sudan’s civil war could lead to all-out ethnic war.

Although the US conclusion comes after a lengthy legal process and analysis, it does not impose any punitive measures. However, the US has imposed several rounds of sanctions since the war broke out in mid-April.

The war, which has killed more than 10,000 people and displaced another 6.5 million, erupted four years after former leader Omar al-Bashir was deposed by an uprising over disagreements over plans for a political transition and the The RSF was integrated into the army.

Countless rounds of US-Saudi-brokered peace talks have failed in recent months.

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